As we age, the skin degenerates and breaks down. It loses collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid, resulting in wrinkles and sagging of the skin. The degenerative effect of aging causes the skin to lose moisture known as trans epidermal water loss this results in an impaired acid mantle and compromised structural integrity of the skin. The decline in natural oil production or sebaceous flow effects skins hydration, thickness and quality of the matrix. The outcome of ageing is a major influencing factor affecting ones appearance.
Physiology of aging and weakening of the skin
- A decline in enzymatic activity, cell division slows down – Ageing is a decrease in functionality.
- Solar keratosis and environmental impact becomes evident.
- Poor circulation and poor lymph drainage results in a loss of structural integrity, weakened, fragile capillaries and decreased skin density.
- Collagen production declines, dermal structures and systems that work in synergy deteriorate, wrinkles and fine lines form, skin starts to sag.
- Years of facial expressions, sun exposure and other factors such as smoking or poor diet, the results can include deep lines, creases, folds and age spots. The cell renewal rate also slows down, resulting in a build-up of dead skin cells and dull-looking skin.
Two contributing factors to ageing
- Intrinsic: genetic, an individual’s genetic makeup.
- Extrinsic: environmental, free radical and diet.
Most often there can be a combination of both.
Even those who have had beautiful skin in their teens and twenties will need to change their skin care regime as they age. What was effective in your youth may no longer work in your thirties or forties and by the time you reach your fifties and sixties, everyone will require an intensive routine to combat age-related dryness and loss of elasticity.